This forum is the most important of all that are currently preserved in Rome and is located in the area between Piazza Venezia and The Colosseum.
It was the place where the Romans met to discuss political, social, economic, judicial or sports issues among many other diligences of the Empire. Therefore this place can be considered the central area where ancient Rome developed.
Nowadays, many of the buildings that stood there can be seen:
César Forum (Foro Julium)
The Forum of Caesar (Foro Julium) was the first of the imperial forums. Julio Cesar ordered and financed its construction because the Roman Forum was too small by the great increase of population and was insufficient for the necessities of that time.
This forum, which opened in 46 BC, had a rectangular dimension of 124 x 45 meters and housed, among other things, the Temple of Venus Generatrix and in front of it, an equestrian statue of Caesar. Currently in the enclosure only three Corinthian columns pertaining to the Temple of Venus remain.
Forum of Augusto (Forum Augustum)
It was the second Imperial Forum built by the first emperor of Rome, Caesar Augustus. It was created to honor the God of war "Mars" and to deal with legal issues, since the Roman Forum was saturated. It is perpendicular to the one of Caesar, separated by the Via dei Fori Imperiali and to his left, are the forum of Nerva and the one of Trajano.
At present the only thing that is conserved in the forum are the high walls that surround it (they acted as firewalls) and the remains of the Temple of Mars the avenger.
Nerva Forum (Forum Transitorium)
Tito Flavio Domitian decided to build this forum with the intention of uniting the forums of Cesar and Augustus and the Temple of Peace to better communicate the popular neighborhood of Subura with the Roman Forum. After the death of Domitian, the forum was inaugurated by his successor Nerva, who baptized him with his own name in the year 97.
The emperor Trajan ordered the construction of this forum to commemorate the victory against Dacia and used the obtained booty for its edification. The project was carried out by the architect Apolodoro of Damascus. It included a portico, the Ulpia basilica, a library and the column and temple of Trajan.
In the north zone of the patio was the market that had semicircular form.
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